Question: Who Are Sub Saharan African Countries?

Top 10 Most Popular African LanguagesSWAHILI.

The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have over 100 million speakers.

AMHARIC.

Amharic is one of the main languages spoken in Ethiopia by over 20 million speakers.

YORUBA.

OROMO.

Hausa.

IGBO.

ZULU.

SHONA.More items…•.

What does it mean to be sub Saharan African?

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.

What was Africa called before Africa?

AlkebulanIn Kemetic History of Afrika, Dr cheikh Anah Diop writes, “The ancient name of Africa was Alkebulan. Alkebu-lan “mother of mankind” or “garden of Eden”.” Alkebulan is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. It was used by the Moors, Nubians, Numidians, Khart-Haddans (Carthagenians), and Ethiopians.

Where in Sub Saharan Africa can you find a Mediterranean type climate?

Southern Africa lies outside of the tropical zone and boasts varying climates, ranging from desert to subtropical. The coastal regions display the typical facets of a Mediterranean-type climate, with rainfall occurring only in winter.

What is Africa’s smallest country?

Seychelles1) Seychelles (451 km2) – The Smallest Country in Africa With just 92,000 inhabitants it is the smallest sovereign country in Africa.

How many ethnic groups are in sub Saharan Africa?

There are over 3,000 different ethnic groups speaking more than 2,100 different languages in all of Africa. The people there practice a variety of religions, including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and traditional religions specific to their ethnic group.

What are the 14 countries in Africa?

France has been holding the national reserves of fourteen african countries since 1961: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

What is the culture of sub Saharan Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa is a region that groups all the countries located south of the Sahara desert, a large area with over 40 countries, about 1 billion people and a rich and diverse culture. Bantu is one of the major ancient tribes, and more than 500 other groups descend from them, like the Swahili and the Zulu.

Where did the name Africa come from?

One of the most popular suggestions for the origins of the term ‘Africa’ is that it is derived from the Roman name for a tribe living in the northern reaches of Tunisia, believed to possibly be the Berber people. The Romans variously named these people ‘Afri’, ‘Afer’ and ‘Ifir’.

What is the poorest country in Africa?

Niger. A combination of a GNI per capita of $906, life expectancy of 60.4 years, and a mean 2 years of schooling (against an expected 5.4) lead to Niger once again topping the UN’s human development report as the world’s poorest country.Central African Republic. … Chad. … South Sudan. … Burundi. … Mali. … Eritrea. … Burkina Faso. … More items…•

What is the average temperature in Sub Saharan Africa?

around 64 degrees yearMost of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.

How many countries are located in sub Saharan Africa?

The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa’s 54 countries as “sub-Saharan,” excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia. This doesn’t make geographical sense—four countries included are on the Sahara, while Eritrea is deemed “sub-Saharan” but its southern neighbor Djibouti isn’t.

Where is the desert in Africa?

Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. The Sahara is the world’s largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa.

What language is spoken in sub Saharan Africa?

Three of the six dominant languages in Subsaharan Africa—spoken by at least ten million people or more—are spoken in Nigeria: Hausa, Yoruba, and Ibo. The three remaining major languages of Subsaharan Africa are Swahili, Lingala, and Zulu.

What is the difference between North Africa and Sub Saharan Africa?

Although Sub-Sahara has diverse ethnics, they are not always difference. Sub-Sahara have a distinct characteristic. North Africa on the other side is closer to Europe and Middle East, adding with Arab, Ottoman, French, Spanish, Italian and British influence with indigenous Amazighs, they have become very different.

What are the two largest countries in sub Saharan Africa?

List of African countries by areaRankCountryArea1Algeria2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)2Democratic Republic of the Congo2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)3Sudan1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)4Libya1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)50 more rows

What is the oldest language in Africa?

Africa is known for being home to some of the ancient languages in the world. Although it is hard to be certain that a particular language spoken in Africa was the oldest, many people agree on the name of Ancient Egyptian. The name of the Khoisan languages also shows up often during such discussions.

What is the richest country in Africa?

NIGERIA1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion)

What are the major physical features of sub Saharan Africa?

Subsaharan Africa does not have long mountain chains such as those found in the other continents. The Nile, Congo, and Niger Rivers are the main waterways. The Namib and Kalahari are the main deserts south of the African Transition Zone. The Great Rift Valleys are the longest physical features in East Africa.

Where is sub Sahara Africa?

Anywhere south of the desert is, geographically, “sub-Saharan”. The first problem is that some countries, like Mauritania, are mostly in the desert itself.

Why do they call it Sub Saharan Africa?

Why? He claimed, “Sub-Saharan Africa is a pejorative term. It is a euphemism for contemptuousness employed by the continent’s detractors to delineate between the five Arab countries that make up north Africa from the other 42 countries and the islands that make up the rest of Africa.”